To underline the determination C Level Contact List of his country. In view of the recent escalation in Ukraine, this threat was clearly more serious than many in Europe wanted to believe at the time. Of course, all eyes are on the political and economic C Level Contact List implications of the deepening chasm between Moscow and Brussels. The immaterial aspects of the change in the Kremlin's international behavior receive less attention. Since the Crimea move and the debacle in eastern Ukraine, the political imaginary of Moscow's elites has changed C Level Contact List dramatically. Ultimately, it is a question of a mental distancing from Europe.
Nothing documents this drastic change C Level Contact List more clearly than a memorandum from 2014, which appeared in connection with the development of a new political-cultural concept. "Russia should be understood as a unique and distinct civilization that can be reduced neither to the West (Europe) nor to the East," the authors wrote, adding bluntly: "In short, this C Level Contact List thesis - confirmed by the entire history of the C Level Contact List country and of his people – says: Russia is not Europe'. « A new world » During the last three or four centuries, Russian interpretations of what is European and what is Russia's relationship with Europe have constantly fluctuated. In the era of Peter the Great, his court geographers and historians played a decisive role in redrawing Europe's borders.
By designating the Urals C Level Contact List as the eastern border of Europe, they decidedly included most of the western territory of the Russian Empire within the old continent. This type of mental mapping served as a symbolic basis for the Europeanization C Level Contact List policy promoted by both Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. In her acclaimed "Nakaz," her great "draft" of her 1767 policy, Catherine openly declared: "Russia is a European state." For the C Level Contact List next two centuries there was constant back and forth about whether and to what extent Russia was 'European'.